Key Thought:

Number of Chapters:

Key Verse:

Covenants

40

Exo_12:23

Christ seen as:

Writer of the Book

Lamb of God.

Moses

Date:

Conclusion of the Book:

About 1500 B. C.

Redemption is by the blood and that alone.

Written To:

The people of Israel and the people of God for all generations to come.

Landscape of the Book of Exodus:

Exodus begins in Egypt where the people of God have been living in slavery to Pharaoh. As God delivers the Israelites, they move into the desert by way of the Red Sea and eventually come to Mount Sinai in the Sinai Peninsula.

Themes in the Book of Exodus:

There are several significant themes in the book of Exodus. Israel's slavery is a picture of man's slavery to sin. Ultimately only through God's divine guidance and leadership can we escape our slavery to sin. However, God also directed the people through the godly leadership of Moses. Typically God also leads us into freedom through wise leadership and through his word.

The people of Israel had been crying out to God for deliverance. He was concerned about their suffering and he rescued them.

Yet Moses and the people had to exercise courage to obey and follow God.

Once free and living in the desert, the people complained and began to yearn for the familiar days of Egypt. Often the unfamiliar freedom that comes when we follow and obey God, feels uncomfortable and even painful at first. If we trust God he will lead us into our Promised Land.

The institution of the law and the Ten Commandments in Exodus reveals the emphasis and importance of choice and responsibility in God's kingdom. God blesses obedience and punishes disobedience.

Key Verses:

Exodus 3:7-10

7 And the Lord said to him: I have seen the affliction of my people in Egypt, and I have heard their cry because of the rigour of them that are over the works:

8 And knowing their sorrow, I am come down to deliver them out of the hands of the Egyptians, and to bring them out of that land into a good and spacious land, into a land that flowed with milk and honey, to the places of the Canaanite, and Hittite, and Amorrhite, and Pherezite, and Hevite, and Jebusite.

9 For the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have seen their affliction, wherewith they are oppressed by the Egyptians.

10 But come, and I will send thee to Pharaoh, that thou mays bring forth my people, the children of Israel out of Egypt.

Exodus 3:14-15

14 God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.

15 And God said again to Moses: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me to you: This is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

Exodus 4:10-11

10 Moses said: I beseech thee, Lord. I am not eloquent from yesterday and the day before: and since thou hast spoken to thy servant, I have more impediment and slowness of tongue.

11 The Lord said to him: Who made man's mouth? or who made the dumb and the deaf, the seeing and the blind? did not I?

Brief Overview of Exodus

Exodus contains a short overview and summary of the following:

  • Exodus is the second book in the Old Testament referred to as the Pentateuch. It contains 40 chapters.

  • The five books of Moses were collectively called the Pentateuch

  • The Second Book of Moses (Exodus) is derived from the Greek word 'Exodus' meaning going out or departure: because it contains the history of the going out of the children of Israel out of Egypt

  • It contains 145 years from the death of Joseph to the erecting of the tabernacle

The Bible Stories of Exodus taken from the Scriptures

  • The main subjects covered are:

    • Bondage in Egypt

    • The journey through the wilderness to Sinai

    • The Covenant and laws given at Mount Sinai

  • The early life of Moses

  • Moses' encounter with God at the burning bush

  • Moses return to Egypt

  • Moses and Aaron go to the Pharaoh

  • Plagues of the frogs and flies.

  • Plagues on the animals of boils and of hail

  • Plague of locusts and darkness

  • Plague of the firstborn

  • The Passover and Exodus from Egypt

  • The Israelites cross the Red Sea

  • The Ten Commandments

  • Aaron creates the Golden Calf

  • The Tabernacle and Ark is built

  • The Biblical stories, plot, characters and events detailed in Exodus

 

The book of Exodus details God's call to the people of Israel to get up and leave their position of slavery in Egypt.  Exodus records more miracles of God than any other book in the Old Testament.

God rescues and delivers his people as he guides them into the unfamiliar desert. There God institutes his system of laws, gives instruction in worship and establishes his people as the nation of Israel.

Exodus is a book of tremendous spiritual significance.

Key Characters in the Book of Exodus:

Moses, Aaron, Miriam, Pharaoh, Pharaoh's daughter, Jethro, Joshua.

Outline

Chapter 1 - The Israelites Are Oppressed
 
 Chapter 2 - Birth and Youth of Moses & Moses flees to Midian
 
Chapter 3 - Moses and the Burning Brush & The Divine Name Revealed
 
Chapter 4 - Moses’ Miraculous Power & Moses Returns to Egypt
 
Chapter 5 - Moses to Pharaoh
Chapter 6 - The second account of the call and commission of Moses
 
Chapter 7 - Moses & The Plagues of Egypt
 
Chapter 8 - Moses & The Plagues of Egypt Continues
 
Chapter 9 - Moses & The Plagues of Egypt Continues
 
Chapter 10 - The Eighth Plague: Locusts & The Ninth Plague: Darkness
 
Chapter 11 - The Plague on the Firstborn Foretold
 
Chapter 12 - The last Plague
 
Chapter 13 - The Consecration of the Firstborn
 
Chapter 14 - Crossing the Red Sea
 
Chapter 15 - MosesSong of Triumph. The journey of the Israelites to Marah and Elim
 
Chapter 16 - The journey to the wilderness of Sin. Manna and Quails given
 
Chapter 17 - The Israelites reach Rephidim. Water given to them at Massah. The victory over Amalek
Chapter 18 - The visit of Jethro to Moses. Appointment of judges to assist Moses in the administration of justice
 
Chapter 19 - Arrival of Israel at Sinai. Jehovahs purpose to make Israel a people to Himself.
 
Chapter 20 - The Decalogue. Introduction to the Book of the Covenant
 

Chapter 21 - The Decalogue. Introduction to the Book of the Covenant

 
Chapter 22 - Property Laws & Laws of Social Responsibility
 

Chapter 23 - Justice and Mercy, Sabbath Laws, and Three Yearly Feasts

 

Chapter 24 - The Covenant Sealed & Moses on the Mountain

 
Chapter 25 - Directions Concerning the Sanctuary and Priesthood
 
Chapter 26 - Moses and the Tabernacle
 
Chapter 27 - The Altar of Burnt-Offering
 
Chapter 28 - Vestments for the Priesthood
 
Chapter 29 - The Ordination of the Priests
 
Chapter 30 - The Altar of Incense
 
Chapter 31 - Bezalel and Oholiab - The Sabbath Law
Chapter 32 - The Golden Calf
 
Chapter 33 - The Command to Leave Sinai
 

Chapter 34 - Moses Makes New Tablets

 
Chapter 35 - Preparations for Making the Tabernacle
Chapter 36 - Construction of the Tabernacle
 
Chapter 37 - Making the Ark of the Covenant
 

Chapter 38 - Making the Altar of Burnt-Offering

 
Chapter 39 - Making the Vestments for the Priesthood
 

Chapter 40 - The Tabernacle Erected and Its Equipment Installed


 

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Daily Meditation by(c) 2013 Don Schwager

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